There is a lot of debate on the increase of minimum wage, retail and fast food industries are continuously pushing for an increase in the minimum wage, and they suggest that the price should be raised to at least $15 per hour. As we all know since 2009 the current federal minimum wage is just $7.25/hour. There are other states that don’t agree with the $7.25 per hour wage; they insist the minimum hourly wage should be greater than that.
With that been said a lot of states have minimum wage that higher than the one set by the federal government, yet most Americans want the minimum wage standard to be increased to at least $15 per hour. About 52% of the population favors increase of the minimum wage. However most of the trump supporters are not in favor with the increment and also 50% whites are not supporting the increase.
Here Are Some Facts About Minimum Wage:
* Most minimum wage jobs are done by young people
* A lot of young people between the ages of 16-24 work at the minimum hourly wage, most of them work in the fast food industry and that’s about 2.6 million people. 45% of them are between the ages of 16 – 24 and 23.3% of them are between the ages of 25 and 35.
* Increasing the minimum wage doesn’t add much value. According to pew, the minimum federal wage that was raised in 2009 has lost its purchasing values by 9.6% due to inflation.
* Not all states set $7.25 as the minimum wage.
About 29 states have set their minimum wage to be higher than that of the federal standard. In D.C for instance it’s about $11 per hour. These states have set their minimum wage based on the living standard in the state. Seattle will increase to $15 by 2021, in San Francisco it has already been increased to $15 this year and Chicago will increase the minimum wage to $13 by 2019.
Industry With The Lowest Minimum Wage
Most minimum wage workers work in restaurant and fast food industry. Restaurants alone employ about 3.7 million workers that are paid the minimum hourly wage, 50% of them are less than thirty years, and 54% of them are women.
Are There Any Exceptions To The Minimum Wage?
According to the federal standards the minimum hourly rate is $7.25 per hour, there are however some exceptions to the rule. If you’re less than 20 years you’re not necessarily entitled to the $7.25 per hour wage, the minimum wage in this case is $2.13/hour. But 90 days after turning 20 years, the minimum federal wage applies to you. A contractor also doesn’t have to follow the federal minimum wage; it can be less or more than the minimum amount. Students working full time are entitle to 85% of the minimum wage, this include full time students working at service jobs, retail and agriculture.
Agricultural employees working on small farms that are been paid by the piece are not qualified for the minimum wage. If however you believe you’re underpaid you can lodge complain to your WHD local office. Individuals with disability might also not be eligible for the minimum wages. For more information you can always contact your local WHD.
What Do You Do When You’re Paid Less Than The Minimum Hourly Rate?
If you’re not been paid the minimum hourly rate you should visit your state agency so that they can advice on how to deal with the situation properly. In most cases they’ll provide all the necessary assistance on your behalf. Some states don’t have minimum wage supervisors or investigators, these states are Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Tennessee, South Carolina, Louisiana and Mississippi. In these states the only option you have is to hire a private attorney to sue your employer or lodge complains to the federal WHD.
Even though you’re protected by the federal law, it’s not easy to sue your employer because he can always retaliate by proving other wrong things you do at work. He can prove bad performance at work, unpleasant assignments. So you have to choose a good lawyer carefully, and before try to sue your employer, make sure to consult a lawyer so that he can advice on you on how you can defend yourself at all cost.